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JDF: Helping Turnaround

A column by Stephen Beals




Just yesterday, our little print shop in upstate New York set a
new personal-best record. Although I'm generally supposed to
knock off at 4 pm, I made the mistake of still being at my desk at
five minutes after the hour. That's when I found out that a job we
had not yet received had to be delivered the following morning.

The job was a pocket folder to accompany the local university
president on a trip to China. The university had used our
company's FTP site before, so the customer already had a username
and password. Within a few minutes, the necessary InDesign
and Illustrator files were
posted, along with the necessary
fonts for the job (both
parties having access to T-1
connections), and I had them
on our server moments later.

One font did not survive
the trip, but did survive being
e-mailed after a quick followup
phone call. All of the files
were checked and verified by
4:15. RIP'ing a pocket folder
took less than a minute”?much less time than it took me to properly
impose the pockets, which the designer was not able to do
herself. Few files, even those from our most knowledgeable
designers (like this one), arrive completely ready for output,
which probably makes us a lot like everyone else in this business.

By 4:30, we had a low-res HP proof ready to be trimmed down
to the specifications for a standard pocket-folder die with business-
card slits, and the high-resolution image was already coming
off our EpsonStylus Pro 10000. But the customer need to see
the finished product for an approval. In this case, a 150-dpi PDF
file was not only easy and fast to create, but it provided high
enough resolution for the designer to approve. Since it came in at
well under 1 MB, it was also small enough to e-mail.

At 4:45, we had customer approval on a job that we hadn't
known was coming in the door 45 min. before. The customerservice
department had yet to write up the job ticket.

Enter JDF


Today, this kind of turnaround may still be the exception, but it's
hardly extraordinary. It is, however, more than a little scary. As
turnaround times are compressed to the point of virtually disappearing,
the need for corresponding job-monitoring capabilities
increases. There is no time for proofreading or double-checking
content or color. The designer who created the job is also approving
it with no cross-checking. The job is in the system ready to run
before we even know if we have the paper in stock to run the job.

The digital age, Internet, and e-mail have all made it possible to
get a job from completion of the creative process to “ready-to-run”
in less than an hour. But many print providers do not have the
infrastructure to handle that kind of workflow on the front end.

This is part of the reason you will hear a lot about JDF (Job
Definition Format) over the next few years, and there will be a
compelling need to implement it in digital workflows. What must
be done, and what we are unable to do right now, is that data
must flow with the job”?from job entry to final delivery. JDF is
simply a way of storing and reading data, and comparing and
cross-checking it with other data throughout the print provider's
database. It is a way of enabling us to tie all the bits of information
about every aspect of a job together.

If the pocket-folder job described above took place in a fully JDFcompliant
workflow, things would have transpired a bit differently.

When the designer completed her preparation work, she
would dial into the printer's site and enter the job specifications
and desired delivery date. The system would then query the database
to see if the paper, ink, and press time were available to
meet those specs. If everything was verified, the system would
then alert the designer to send the files.

The system would alert the prepress technician when the files
became available, and the JDF calls already in the system would
carry the job specifications to the imposition system. The operators
still might have to go through old-fashioned cutting and pasting of
the file to make it work; but then again, if the proper template already
exists, the system just might be able to handle it automatically.


The finished job would be sent to the appropriate RIP and the
appropriate proofing devices, make the correct-resolution PDF, and
e-mail it back to the designer for approval. JDF calls could even tell
the die-cutting operator which die to use, and set up the programmable
cutter to make the proper cuts. If you use a wide-format
printer with cutting capabilities, there would be no need to set up
the printer”?the JDF calls could take care of it automatically.

Slowly but surely

Perhaps that sounds like a system far off in the future, but such
systems already do exist, and they will be making their way slowly
but surely into all kinds of print shops. Of course, the human element
will never completely go away. All of the information must be
correctly entered in the first place. And the question of responsibility
for errors will always start arguments, no matter how many
safeguards are put into place. And, of course, suppose I had left
the building at 4 pm, like I was supposed to?

Stephen Beals ([email protected]) has been in prepress
production for more than 30 years and is currently the digital
prepress manager with Finger Lakes Press in Auburn, NY.



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